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How is Gingivitis Caused and Treated?

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What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal (gum) disease. Poor oral hygiene habits can lead to a plaque build-up on the teeth. Eventually, the plaque calcifies into tartar and wreaks havoc on your gums.

How does gingivitis occur?

Gingivitis is very common, beginning for many during puberty. Plaque that is left behind due to poor hygiene habits or crowding eventually turns to tartar. Tartar builds-up between the gums and teeth and creates a space for bacteria to live, which also causes gums to recede. As bacteria builds, gums become red, swollen, and tender. Bleeding is common, especially when brushing. Many people notice persistent bad breath and pus surrounding teeth and gums.

Certain lifestyle choices, like smoking or chewing tobacco, are risk factors for gingivitis. Some medications, including chemotherapy, can leave gums vulnerable. Crowded or crooked teeth may have areas that are nearly impossible to reach with conventional brushing and flossing. Bacteria are quite opportunistic and like to hide in broken fillings and teeth. If dental appliances fit poorly, it leaves space for bacteria to hide.

Are there risks associated with gingivitis?

Left unchecked, gingivitis can lead to a more serious condition called periodontitis. When tartar build-up causes the gums to pull away from the teeth, more of the root is exposed than normal. The longer bacteria have access to your teeth; the more damage is done. Ultimately, periodontitis can lead to bone deterioration and tooth loss.

How to treat gingivitis in Surrey, BC

Catching periodontal disease in the early stages makes reversal easier. Visiting your trusted Surrey dentist for regular cleanings and check-ups is a start. Stick to a proper oral hygiene routine to clear bacteria from teeth and gums. Brush your teeth with a fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day and floss at least once. Add an antimicrobial mouthwash to rinse away any lingering bacteria. Maintaining a diligent oral hygiene routine helps keep gingivitis at bay.

At Floss Dental, we treat all stages of gum disease and numerous other dental problems. We examine each patient thoroughly, doing x-rays when appropriate. Once the exam and consultation are complete, your Surrey dentist will create a plan of action to treat and prevent future incidents of gingivitis.

Visit or Contact Floss Dental in Surrey to Combat Gingivitis

If you are concerned gum disease may be the culprit behind your bad breath or bleeding gums, contact us at Floss Dental – we’re here to help. You can also begin the process by filling out our online form or calling directly at 778-565-3368.